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The Border-Land of Epilepsy Sir William Richard Gowers

The Border-Land of Epilepsy

Sir William Richard Gowers

Published September 12th 2013
ISBN : 9781230324753
38 pages
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 About the Book 

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ... the subject vanished from her mind, and there was a sense of strangeness- she always stopped, being conscious that if she went on speaking the words would be irrelevant. If she went on reading aloud, she uttered words different from those before her. The condition ceased as suddenly as it came on. It was a long epileptoid state. Somnambulism.--If sleep involves a functional separation between the cortical centres, the strange phenomena of sleep-walking suggest that the separation may vary in its position. In this state, high motor centres must be in an activity similar to that of the waking state, and yet isolated from those that, in due association, subserve consciousness. But the mysteries of sleep and its varieties baffle analysis- the forms of its disturbance must be recognised when they cannot be understood. Simple somnambulism is free from emotional disturbance, and differs from night-terrors in that no related dreams can afterward be recalled. Its nearest alliance among sleepsymptoms is the common talking in sleep, although the two seldom, if ever, occur together. They have one feature in common- a sleep-talker does not answer when spoken to, though he may be awaked, and a sleep-walker, while guided by his vision, is only waked by a quite unfamiliar obstacle. In each case they are determined by previous knowledge. Half-waking somnambulism bears some resemblance to the quiet automatic action after slight epileptic seizures, but in the latter the subject is influenced by surrounding conditions and influences. This susceptibility, which is absent in pure somnambulism, is the chief source of danger. The post-epileptic state bears more resemblance to the state of partial awakening, and so also does the condition in night-terrors. There...